Much later in 1810, Spain was invaded by Napoleonic forces. , During the night of May 19 there were further discussions at Rodríguez Peña's house. , The Primera Junta increased in size when it incorporated the representatives sent by the provinces.  There was no secret ballot; votes were heard one at a time and recorded in the minutes. Find the day, month, and year of inception for independence, revolution, flag, and founding days of more than 100 nations. 2016.  The Junta swore the oath of office that afternoon.  The Royal Audiencia secretly swore allegiance to the Council of Regency a month later and sent communiqués to the other cities of the Viceroyalty, to request them to deny recognition to the new government. , Montevideo, which had a historical rivalry with Buenos Aires, opposed the Primera Junta and the Council of Regency declared it the new capital of the Viceroyalty, along with Francisco Javier de Elío as the new Viceroy. , A representation of a cabildo is used on Argentine 25-cent coins, and an image of the Sun of May appears on the 5-cent coin. Historians today debate whether the revolutionaries were truly loyal to the Spanish crown or whether the declaration of fidelity to the king was a necessary ruse to conceal the true objective—to achieve independence—from a population that was not yet ready to accept such a radical change.  They spread the news among other patriots and challenged the legitimacy of the Viceroy, who had been appointed by the fallen junta.  Liniers organized criollo militias during the preparations for the second invasion, in spite of the prohibition against them. May 25 is Argentina’s National Day, also known as First Government Day.  The Sun of May was created a few years later with reference to this event.  They felt that Álzaga wanted to remove the Viceroy to avoid his political authority while keeping the social differences between criollos and peninsulars unchanged.  The city was well defended, so it could easily resist an invasion.  The notices also called for the public to refrain from actions contrary to public policy. , The government created on May 25 pronounced itself loyal to the deposed King of Spain Ferdinand VII, but historians disagree on whether this was sincere or not. Asunción del Paraguay rejected the Junta and swore loyalty to the Council of Regency. May 1: Labour Day: Día del Trabajador: International holiday: May 25: Day of the First … , The meeting lasted from morning to midnight, including the reading of the proclamation, the debate and the vote. , The Council of Regency, the Royal Audiencia of Buenos Aires and the peninsulars opposed the new situation. National Flag Day 20 June 2020.  Leiva would later act as a mediator, being both a confidante of Cisneros and a trusted negotiator for the more moderate revolutionaries.  Events developed at a slower pace than in the United States independence movement.  However, he rejected economist José María Romero's proposal to banish a number of people considered dangerous to the Spanish regime, such as Saavedra, Paso, Vieytes, Castelli and Moreno, among others.  They demanded the recall of the Junta elected the previous day, the final resignation of Cisneros, and the appointment of a new junta that did not include him. , The Spanish monarchy appointed their own candidates to most of the political offices in the viceroyalty, usually favoring Spaniards from Europe.  Liniers's troops were quickly defeated by the forces led by Francisco Ortiz de Ocampo.  This included all peninsular militias, and the power of the criollos increased as a result.  As had happened several times in the last few days, Romero explained that the soldiers would mutiny if forced to fight against the rioters on behalf of Cisneros.  From then on, the Junta was renamed the Junta Grande.  The newer authors would differ about the relative weight of the causes of the May Revolution and about whose intervention in the events was more decisive, but the main views expressed by Mitre were kept, such as to consider the revolution to be the birth of modern Argentina and an unavoidable event. One of the speakers for the first position was the bishop of Buenos Aires, Benito Lue y Riega, leader of the local church, who said: Not only is there no reason to get rid of the Viceroy, but even if no part of Spain remained unsubdued, the Spaniards in America ought to take it back and resume command over it.
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